compulsory, primary education, secondary education, comprehensive, ability, entrance exams, specialized schools, profound knowledge, academic subjects, higher education, enter a university, take exams, pass exams, fail exams (from the text «Education in Russia») stage, grammar school, national exam, General certificate of secondary education, further education, to accept, to graduate from, to provide education, private school, boarding school, public school, assessment (from the text «Education in Britain»)
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Education in America
(text about the American Educational System)
- melting pot — плавильный котел
- getting started — положить начало
- successful career — успешная карьера
- main aim — главная цель
- grade — класс, год обучения
- elementary school — начальная школа
- high school — старшая школа
- elective subjects — предметы по выбору
- be necessary for — быть необходимым для
- public school — государственная общеобразовательная школа (! В Великобритании public school — частная школа для аристократии)
- private school — частная школа
- religious school — духовное училище (такие школы есть и в Великобритании)
- extracurricular activity — внешкольные мероприятия
- take into account — учитывать (при поступлении)
- institution — учебное заведение
- community college — колледж, в котором учатся студенты, живущие дома
- additional education — дополнительное образование
- to receive a bachelor’s degree — получить диплом бакалавра
- master’s degree — диплом магистра
- high school graduate— выпускник школы
- Harvard — Гарвард
Americans have always believed in education but in a special American way. The schools’ first job was to turn millions of foreign children into Americans. Since they came from dozens of different countries, that’s not easy. Schools had to teach the children to speak English, to love their new country and to learn how to live in it. American schools were the “melting pot” in which the differences were forgotten. They were the ladder which the poor could climb to a better life. Getting started on a successful career was the main aim.
There are no national exams, although some schools and states have their own exams.
- the community college, which is financed by the local community in different professions
- the technical training institution, at which high school graduates may take courses ranging from 6 months to three-four years, and learn different technical skills, which may include computer programming, accounting (бухгалтерское дело), etc.
- the four-year college, the graduates receive the degree of Bachelor of Arts (BA) or Bachelor of Science (BS).
- the university