Тексты на английском языке с заданиями по теме «Sports» для разных уровней. Тексты содержат познавательную информацию и будут интересны изучающим английский язык на среднем уровне в рамках изучения темы «Спорт». Перед тем как читать тексты, рекомендуется изучить Список английских слов по теме «Sports» №2 (intermediate). Эти тексты отличаются от сложных и скучных текстов в учебниках английского языка, так как специально отобраны и отредактированы. Занимайтесь английским с удовольствием!
Sports. Тексты на английском языке про спорт
Тексты на английском языке по теме «Sports» расскажут вам об истории происхождения таких популярных видов спорта, как серфинг, бокс и баскетбол, а также об истории возникновения Олимпийских и паралимпийских игр. Эти познавательные тексты помогут вам не только расширить свой словарный запас и улучшить свой английский язык, но и узнать много интересного.
- Текст №1 «About Skateboarding» (pre-intermediate)
- Текст №2 «Surfing» (pre-intermediate)
- Текст №3 «The Paralympics» (intermediate)
- Текст №4 «About Swimming» (intermediate)
- Текст №5 «Boxing» (intermediate)
- Текст №6 «Basketball» (intermediate)
- Текст №7 «The Olympics» (intermediate)
- Текст №8 «From the history of sports»
- Текст №9 «From the history of footbal» (upper-intermediate)
- Sports (general information)
Text №1 «Skateboarding» (pre-intermediate)
Задание. Read the text. Complete the passages using the words: board, becomes, practice, sport, foot,sometimes, body, balance, feet
Skateboarding has become a very popular 1. ______ . All a person needs to enjoy this sport is a skateboard, good 2._______ , and some 3. ________ . It is a good idea to use safety helmets and kneepads because even the best skateboarders fall 4._________. To begin skateboarding, put one foot on the skateboard and push forward with the other 5. ____. When you get moving fast enough put both 6._______on the 7. ____________. You keep your balance by moving your arms and 8._________. The more you practice the easier it 9.___________.
Text №2 «Surfing» (pre-intermediate)
Что вы знаете о серфинге? Кажется, что этот вид спорта только недавно завоевал популярность, однако произошло это в 1960. Кстати, первыми сёрфингистами были … аборигены. Перед тем, как читать текст про сёрфинг, пройдите опрос.
What do you know about surfing? (вводный опрос)
- practice — практиковать
- report — сообщать
- introduction — внедрение
- fiberglass — стекловолокно
- Maui — остров Мауи, второй по величине остров в архипелаге Гавайских островов (США)
- Oahu — остров Оаху (Гавайи; США)
- experience — испытывать
Surfing is popular all over the world. It is practiced on lakes and rivers, seas and oceans — anywhere with good wind.
Some people think that it is a new kind of sport. But it is not. It was first reported by the British explorer Captain Cook in 1778. It became popular with the introduction of mass-produced, lightweight (легкий) boards made of fiberglass in the 1960s.
The birthplace of surfing is Hawaii and today it’s home of the most famous surfing competition. Huge waves crash along mile after mile of beautiful sand, and every surfer dreams of experiencing surfing in Maui or Oahu.
The best time for surfing is when the waves are high. Serious surfers must be brave, love adventures and have lots of energy. Once they’ve experienced the excitement of a ride on the top of the waves, they never want to stop.
It takes time to learn to catch a wave at the right moment, stand up on your board and stay there. But during a hot summer day, who minds learning?
Text №3 «The Paralympics»
- physical disability (disabled) — ограниченные возможности
The Paralympics is for people with a physical disability. They were first held in Rome in 1960 and sibce that time there have been 9 Paralympics. The athletes take part in 19 different sports. They play tennis and snookers. They do judo and ride a bike. Some athletes do weight lifting and some go swimming. A lot of athletes go running and jumping. Athletics is very popular. Playing table tennis is also very popular among disabled athletes.
Text №4 «Swimming» (intermediate)
Задание. Read the text. Complete the passages using the words: racing, until, goggles, almost, as long as, safety, splash, besides, ear plugs, prevent
Most Americans can swim, and 1_______ everyone likes at least to 2 _________ around in the waves on a hot day at the beach. Knowing how to swim is important for 3 _________but when you do it seriously, swimming is also one of the best exercises for your body.
4___________ water and swimsuit you don’t need much.
5___________keep irritating chlorinated water out of your eyes and let you watch where you’re going, A swimming cap makes you more streamlined for 6__________ and keeps your hair out of your face.
7 __________keep the water out and 8__________ear infections.
To get in shape, start by swimming twenty minutes three times a week. Add ten minutes 9 __________ you’re swimming for an hour each time. Vary your strokes to work different muscles. It’s okay to take short breaks, 10 ____________your heart rate stays up.
Text №5 «Boxing» (intermediate)
- go back — зародиться
- rub — натирать
- were bound with — обвязаны
- maim for life — остаться калекой
- concede defeat — признать поражение
- introduce — ввести в практику
- space roped off — пространство, отгороженное канатом
Boxing is an old sport, going back to the days of ancient Greece, where it was an important part of the Olympic Games. The Olympics were held during the hottest part of the summer, and the boxers were rubbed with oil to limit perspiration. Their hands were bound with heavy leather strips often loaded with lead or iron. So fighters were frequently maimed for life. There were no rounds and no time limits — the men fought until one of them conceded defeat.
The sport passed from Greece to Rome, but after the fall of Rome it was unknown in Europe until the 18th century, when James Figg introduced gloveless fighting in England, and opened a boxing school in London. He built an amphitheatre with a square space roped off for the fighters. Figg didn’t believe in rest periods, and a fight continued without stop until one man had obviously won.
Text №6 «Basketball» (intermediate)
- origin — происхождение
- hang — вешать
- purpose — цель
- attempt— попытка
- prevent from — помешать
Basket-ball is perhaps the only sport whose origin we can speak of without fear of a mistake.
During the winter of 1891— 1892, James Naesmith, a college instructor in Springfield, Massachusetts, invented the game of basket-ball. He wanted his students to have physical exercise between the time when the football season closed and the baseball season opened. He hung fruit baskets on the walls at opposite ends of the gymnasium and organized nine-men teams to play his new game. The purpose of the game was to throw the ball into one basket and to attempt to prevent the opposing team from throwing the ball into the other basket.
There have since been many changes in the rules (for example, the number of players is now reduced to five), but the game is basically the same today as it was more than eighty years ago.
Text №7 «The Olympic Games» (intermediate)
- interlinked — связанных
- chariot racing — гонки на колесницах
- were resumed — были возобновлены
The world’s greatest international sports games are known as the Olympic games. The Olympic games proves that real peace can be achieved through sport. The Olympic emblem is five interlinked rings: blue, yellow, black, green and red. Any national flag contains at least one of these colours.
The Olympic Games began in ancient Greece in 776 B.C. These games were part of festival held every fourth year in honor of the God Zeus at the place called Mount Olympus.
It was great athletic festival, including competitions in wrestling, foot racing, and chariot racing, rowing and others. The games were for men only. Greek women were forbidden not only to participate but also to attend the Olympics.
The first modern Olympic Games were held in Athens in 1896. Then they were resumed in London after the Second World War. Since then the Olympics are held every fourth year in different countries.
The ancient Greeks had no winter sports. Only in 1924 the first Winter Olympic games were held in France. Now they are held regularly.
Text №8 «From the History of Sport»
Britain doesn’t often produce sportsmen or sportswomen who are successful in world championship, but it has been good at inventing sports and writing the rules of games.
Golf was first played in Scotland in the 15th century and the most famous golf club, Saint Andrew in Scotland, is still the most respected authority on golf in the world.
Cricket was first played in England in the 16th century and its rules were written in the 18th century. It is a popular summer sport in England, but it is not played in Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
Football (soccer) has been played in one form or another for hundreds of years. First it was a very rude and hard game. There were no rules. But since 1863 it has been played with proper rules. That year the Football Association (FA) was started. Its first job was to get a set of rules for all games. By the end of the 19th century almost every town had its own team.
Rugby is a form of football in which the ball can be handled (взят в руки). It was start as a game in the 19th century. Rugby takes its name from Rugby school in the Midlands. In 1823, a boy playing football at the school picked up the ball and ran with it. Now it is one of the most popular games.
American football is different from soccer. It is played with an oval ball. American football and rugby are alike.