Science and Space Research. Английские слова по теме «Наука и космические исследования». Список №1

Мы начинаем тему «Science and Technology» с исследования космоса. Как известно, Россия занимает ведущее место в космических исследованиях. Советский ученый Константин Циалковский является создателем теории «космического полета», инженер Сергей Королев спроектировал первую космическую ракету «Восток» и первый спутник «Салют». А первым в космос полетел советский космонавт  — Алексей Гагарин. Выучите английские слова по теме «Science and Space Research» и прочитайте текст про исследование космоса (Russia’s achievments in Space Research).

Science and Space Research. Английские слова по теме «Наука и космические исследования»

  1. science — наука
  2. scientist — ученый
  3. scientific — научный
  4. solve a scientific problem — решать научную проблему
  5. space — космос
  6. explore space — исследовать космос
  7. spaceman (cosmonaut, astronaut) — космонавт
  8. spaceship — космический корабль
  9. space station — космическая станция
  10. space flight — полет в космос
  11. space research — исследование космоса
  12. space travels — путешествие в космос
  13. do a research — проводить исследование
  14. researcher — исследователь
  15. be known all over the world – известен во всем мире
  16. fly into space — летать в космос
  17. launch a spaceship (a satellite) — запустить космический корабль (спутник)
  18. launch into space — запустить в космос
  19. satellite [‘sæt(ə)laɪt] — спутник
  20. work in orbit — работать на орбите
  21. work in outer space — работать с открытом космосе
  22. achieve — достигать
  23. achievement in — достижения в …
  24. explore — исследовать
  25. exploration — исследование
  26. space exploration (research)  — исследование космоса
  27. travel through space — путешествовать в космосе
  28. find life on some other planets — найти жизнь на других планетах
  29. change people’s lives for the better — изменить жизнь людей к лучшему
  30. learn a lot from space research — узнать много из космических исследований

Text «Russia’s Achievements in Space Research»

  • the Space Race — гонка вооружений
  • to compete — соревноваться
  • artificial — искусственный
  • transmitter — передатчик
  • to land — высадить
  • leadership — лидерство

Sergey Korolyov is the most talanted Soviet rocket engineer.  He became famous for his achievements in space research in the period between 1950s and 1960s. Those years were known for the Space Race between the USSR and the United States.  Korolyov had plans to compete with America to be the first nation to land a man on the Moon, but he died in 1966.

Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, was launced on October, 1957. It was only 53 cm in diameter, and carried only a simple radio transmitter. The transmitter allowed scientists to track Sputnik as it went round the Earth. But the first artificial satellite burned up in the atmosphere 92 days later.

Sputnik 2 was launched on November 3, 1957 and carried the first living passenger, a dog named Laika. But Laika didn’t come back to the Earth as it had not provided.

The next satellite with living beings was Sputnik 5. It was launched on August 19, 1960 with the dogs Belka and Strelka, 40 mice, 2 rats and a lot of different plants on board. The spacecraft returned to the earth the next day and all the animals were safe.

On April 12, 1961 Yuri Gagarin flew into space and spent 108 minutes there. It was one of the greatest events of the 20th century.

Since that time no one has doubted Russia’s leadership in space exploration. The flights into outerspace allows Russian people to learn a lot from space research.

Answer the questions:

  1. Do you think it is neccessary to explore space? Why?
  2. What Soviet engineers are the most famous for space research? What for?
  3. When was the first satellite launched into space?
  4. How many satellites were there in all? What are their names?
  5. What can you tell about Yuri Gagarin?

Задание. После прохождения темы «Science and Space Research» проведите дискуссию в группах. Cформируйте 3 группы:

  1. Who is definitely against space exploration?
  2. Who thinks that it is worth doing?
  3. Who is in doubt?
The aim of discussion to convince others that space exploration is worth doing or not worth doing. It depends on the opinion of the students.

The feedback: give the class the details of your discussion.

  1. At first (name the student) was for/ against space exploration. He was sure that….. Yet in the end he has changed his mind. Now he thinks that…
  2. To sum up, we all agree that….
  3. OR I did my best but couldn’t convince (the names of the students).

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