Reported Speech. Упражнения (уровень 2 — advanced)

Мы подошли к концу изучения такой важной темы как косвенная речь (Reported Speech). Обойтись без косвенной речи никак невозможно, так же как невозможно изучать английский, не пересказывая тексты. Делайте это как можно чаще, не забывая о согласовании времен, и вы улучшите разговорные навыки автоматически. В заключение, предлагаем выполнить упражнения на косвенную речь в английском языке на уровне advanced для продолжающих. Некоторые упражнения взяты из учебника: Макарова Е.В., Пархамович Т.В., Ухванова И.Ф. Английский язык. Интенсивный курс

Содержание:

  1. Упражнения на Reported Speech (повторение)
  2. Упражнения на Reported Speech (advanced)
  3. Устный тренинг на перевод предложений

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Косвенная речь в английском языке. Упражнения Reported Speech Advanced

Косвенная речь в английском языке

Перевод предложений в косвенную речь (повторение)

Упражнение 1. Переведите повествовательные предложения в косвенную речь.

  1. I The secretary has said, «The press conference is taking place now in the main hall».
  2. My brother has said, «Aunt Sally will come on Monday.»
  3. The students have said, «We had two tests last week.»
  4. Her daughter said, «I am not listening to music now.»
  5. My friend said, «I have visited all these places,»
  6. Tom said, «‘I am a first year student now.»
  7. She said, «I have not been speaking to him since yesterday.»
  8. Susan said, «I was in the library two days ago.»
  9. The boy said, «I was not watching TV in my home at 8 o’clock.»
  10. The teacher said, «They have been writing since early morning».
  11. He said, «I will visit you next Friday.»
  12. She said, «I will be leaving my home at 10 o’clock tonight»

* * *

Упражнение 2. Переведите общие вопросы в косвенную речь.

  1. John asked, «Has anybody seen the film?»
  2. He asked, «Are you listening to music now?»
  3. She asked, «Have you been working hard on this problem?»
  4. She asked, «Were you in the library yesterday?»
  5. He asks, «Does she work now?»
  6. He asks, «Has she been reading this book since Monday?»
  7. Jane asked, «Can anybody tell me what you have been discussing all the time?»
  8. He asked, «Will you be at Nick and Carol’s party tonight?»

* * *

Упражнение 3. Переведите специальные вопросы в косвенную речь.

  1. Where is he going? (He didn’t tell anybody..)
  2. Where has he gone? (Did you know…)
  3. Where is he? (Did you know…)
  4. When is he leaving school? (I wanted to know…)
  5. Where does he live? (Nobody knew…)
  6. When will he come back? (She asked them…)
  7. Where did she buy this hat? (He wanted to know…)
  8. How much did she pay for it? (I had no idea…)

* * *

Упражнение 4. Переведите повелительные предложения в косвенную речь.

  1. The army captain said, «Don’t shoot!»
  2. The police officer said, «Put your hands over your head!»
  3. The flight attendant said, «Fasten your seat belts!»
  4. The teacher said, «Don’t use your dictionaries!»
  5. The doctor said, «Take this medicine three times a day.»
  6. The firefighter said, «Don’t go near the house, it is dangerous!»

* * *

Упражнение 5.Найдите ошибки в предложении.

  1. The instructor asked me if I can swim and I said I can.
  2. He said me that he had been waiting for me here.
  3. She asked me where I had lived two years ago.
  4. Mr. Grey told «that he missed his hometown.
  5. The parking attendant directed to park our car on the left.
  6. The man asked roe to tell him what is the time.
  7. He wanted to know why Bob is missing a class today.
  8. He asked me if Ted had been sick yesterday.

* * *

Упражнение 6. Прочитайте диалог.

A.: Excuse me? В.: Yes…
A.: This chicken is underdone.
В.: What do you mean?
A.: It’s not cooked.
В.: Yes, it is.
A.: No, it isn’t.
В.: Look, that’s how we always serve it.
A.: Well, I don’t want it. And I won’t pay.
В.: You’ll pay whether you eat it or not.
A.: In that case, I want to see the manager.
В.: I’m the manager.

Используя косвенную речь, расскажите о ситуации. Напри­мер, начните так:
«I ordered the chicken. It wasn’t properly cooked. I told the waiter…»

* * *

Упражнение 7. Прочитайте текст и перепишите его, используя прямую речь.

The waiter recommended the fish. When it arrived, it was in­edible. I summoned the waiter and complained that the fish was un­cooked. He appologized and offered to replace it. I told him that I wasn’t hungry, and requested the bill… .

* * *

Упражнения на Reported Speech (advanced)

Упражнение 8.  Переведите предложения ниже в косвенную речь, используя глаголы:ask, beg, congratulate, thank, insist, offer, object, refuse, invite, suggest, complain, remark.

1.“Please, please, do as I say”, I said.

2. Peter, “I will pay.”
Alec, “Oh, no you mustn’t”.
Peter, “I insist on paying”

3.“Hurray, I’ve passed my exam!”
“Congratulations”, — I said.

4.“Many happy returns of the day”, we said.
“Thank you,” said the boy.

5.“Let us wait here till the rain stops,” I said.

6.“Oh, I’ve hit my thumb with the hammer!” Peter cried.

7.“Have an apple,” Mary said.  – “No, thanks,” I replied.

8.“What about going for a walk?” he said. – “It’s quite fine now.”

* * *

Упражнение 9.  Переделайте предложения с прямой речью в предложения с косвенной речью, используя глаголы: advise, remind, warn, invite, ask, encourage.

  1. R u t h: Don’t forget to post the letter, Bruno.
  2. R i с h a r d: Carolina, I think you should see a doctor.
  3. К a t h y: Olivia, please do the dishes.
  4. R u t h: Patrice, would you and Manny like to come to din­ner?
  5. M a r i a: Roger, close the door, please.
  6. M о t h e r: Ben, don’t touch the heater.
  7. M i k e: Vicki, why don’t you run in the marathon?
  8. Be careful! Don’t sit down, that paint is wet.

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 Упражнение 10.  Прочитайте совет врача и переведите его на английский язык.

Медсестра спросила меня, ожидаю ли я доктора Грея, и пригласила меня к нему в кабинет (surgery).

Доктор Грей улыбнулся мне и спросил, что меня беспокоит. Я сказал, что ужасно переутомлен (be run down). Он спросил меня, поздно ли я ложусь спать (stay up late), и я сказал, что нет. Он поинтересовался, почему я не соблюдаю нормальный режим (keep regular hours), и я объяснил, что почти каждый вечер я встречаюсь с друзьями.

Доктор захотел узнать, как я провожу время, и я сказал, что в основном (mostly) я хожу на вечеринки. Доктор спросил меня, удается ли (have the chance) мне отдохнуть (to recover) в выходные дни, но я вынужден был признать (admit), что в выходные дни наши вечеринки длятся всю ночь.

Он спросил меня, курю ли я, и когда я сказал, что курю, доктор спросил меня, сколько сигарет в день я выкуриваю. Он был поражен, когда услышал мой ответ.

Тогда врач спросил меня, занимаюсь (take) ли я гимнастикой для поддержания своего здоровья (to keep fit). Я ответил, что для этого у меня нет времени.

«Вы поджигаете свечу (burn the candle) с обоих концов,»- сказал доктор Грей и добавил: «но я завидую вам, что вы так весело проводите время.»

* * *

Упражнение 11. Передайте в косвенной речи цитаты известных людей. Запомните три из них.

1. “I can’t resist anything but temptation. ” (Oscar Wilde)
Oscar Wilde said that…

2. “It has long been an axiom of mine that the little things are the most important”(Conan Doyle)
Conan Doyle said that …

3. “The world is so full of a number of things, I’m sure we should all be happy as kings”. (Robert Stevenson)
Robert Stevenson wrote that…

4. “Always do what you are afraid to do” (Ralf Emerson, American poet and essayist)
Ralf Emerson wanted us….

5. “Never take anything for granted”. (Benjamin Disraeli)
Benjamin Disraeli asked us….

6.“If a man doesn’t make new friends as he advanced through life – he will soon find himself alone. A man should keep his friendship in constant repair.” (Samuel Johnson, English writer)
Samuel Johnson warned us that…

7. “If  you want to be successful, you must look successful. ”(Thomas Moore, Irish poet)
Thomas Moore said if…

8. “Don’t anticipate trouble or worry about what may never happen. Keep in the sunlight.”(Benjamin Franklin)
Benjamin Franklin advised us…

9. “Every man has three characters: that which he exhibits, that which he has and that which he thinks he has. ” (Karr)
Karr thought that…

* * *

Упражнение 12. Перепишите  шутку в прямой речи.

  • be annoyed – быть раздраженным
  • patient – терпеливый
  • calm – спокойный
  • sensible – разумный
  • swear – ругаться
  • wave – махать
  • small things – пустяки

One day, when Jack the Patient came home from work he found his wife very annoyed about something.

  1. He asked what the matter was.
  2. And she answered that she had been annoyed by a bee.
  3. Jack the Patient continued that he had always been more sensible than his wife so he was going to give her a lecture at the moment.
  4. He added that he would prove to her the impor­tance of always remaining calm.
  5. He said it was a waste of time and strength to get excited about small things.
  6. He told her to train herself to be patient like him.
  7. He asked her to look at the fly that had just landed on his nose.
  8. He asked if he was getting excited or annoyed, if he was swearing or waving his arms around.
  9. He explained that he wasn’t, he was perfectly calm. Just as he had said that Jack the Patient started shouting. He jumped up and began to wave his arms around wildly and swear terribly.
  10. His wife got surprised and asked what had made him so excited. He couldn’t say a word for some time. But at last he was able to tell his wife that the thing on his nose hadn’t been a fly, it had been a bee!

* * *

Упражнение 13. Перепишите шутки в косвенной речи, не забывая про подчеркнутые слова.

1.

— Mummy, why is it cold today?
— It is winter now. It’s always cold in winter.
— But why is it always cold in winter?
— Oh, Susan, I didn’t ask my mother so many questions.
— Now I understand why you can’t answer my questions!

Susan asked her mother …. Her mother answered …. Susan repeated the question …. Susan’s mother got angry and exclaimed that…. Susan came to the conclusion that….

2.

— Daddy, can you write in the dark?
— Of course, I can.
— Then turn off the light and sign my report card (дневник), please.

Susan wondered …. Her father answered …. Then she asked him to ….

3.

The client: It’s the most terrible fish I’ve ev­er eaten. Bring me the fish I ate in this restaurant last week.
The waiter: Sorry, sir, but it’s the same fish.

4.

Вill: I broke off my engagement to Mary two months ago.
Tom: But why? Have you told her about your rich uncle?
Bill: Yes, I have. She’s my aunt now.

5.

Teасher: Why are you late this morning, Jack?»
Jack: I pressed the toothpaste so hard that it took me half an hour to get the paste back into the tube.

6.

Вill: I saw the doctor last Monday about my loss of memory.
Tom: What did he do?
Bill: He made me pay in advance.

7.

Kate: What did you hear at the opera yesterday?
Jane: All sorts of things: Oleg is going to Lon­don next month, Boris passed his exam last week, Ann took the first place in the literature Olympiad two days ago.

8.

The tourist: Are you sure there are no croco­diles here?
The guide: Yes, I am. We haven’t found any crocodiles here.
The tourist: I think I can have a swim in this river tomorrow. And what makes you think there are no crocodiles in this place?
The guide: They are afraid of the sharks.

9.

Mrs Worry: Does your son smoke?
Mrs Calm: No, he doesn’t.
Mrs Worry: Does he go out late?
Mrs Calm: No, he doesn’t. He went to bed after dinner yesterday.
Mrs Worry: What is he doing now?
Mrs Calm: He is watching cartoons.
MrsWorry: Oh, he is an ideal son. How old is he?
Mrs Calm: Three years today.

10.

Mr Green:  Last month a grain of sand got into my wife’s eye and she had to go to a doctor. I had to pay two hun­dred dollars for it.
Mr White: That’s nothing, last week a fur coat got into my wife’s eye and I had to pay two thousand dollars for it.


В заключение, устный тренинг по теме «Косвенная речь в английском языке. Reported Speech (advanced)».

Упражненеие 14. Переведите предложения, запомните свой ответ и проверьте себя.
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  1. Он говорит, что Мэри сделает это. rel=»nofollow» ПРОВЕРИТЬ
  2. Он только что сказал мне, что урок начался. ПРОВЕРИТЬ
  3. Он сказал мне, что урок начался. ПРОВЕРИТЬ
  4. Мой брат только что сказал, что он придет в 5 часов. ПРОВЕРИТЬ
  5. Он сказал, что он встает в 8 часов. ПРОВЕРИТЬ
  6. Он сказал, что делегация уезжает в конце недели. ПРОВЕРИТЬ
  7. Он сказал, что напишет письмо в тот же день. ПРОВЕРИТЬ
  8. Он спросил меня, где я живу. ПРОВЕРИТЬ
  9. Он спросил меня, когда они вышлют документы. ПРОВЕРИТЬ
  10. Он спросил меня, получил ли я его телеграмму. ПРОВЕРИТЬ
  11. Он попросил ее дать ему стакан воды. ПРОВЕРИТЬ
  12. Она сказала ему прийти в 5 часов. ПРОВЕРИТЬ

ОТВЕТЫ:

  1. Не says (that) Mary will do it.
  2. He has just told me that the lesson has begun.
  3. He told me that the lesson had begun.
  4. My brother has just said that he will come at 5 o’clock
  5. Не said that he got up at 8 o’clock.
  6. He said that the delegation would leave at the end of the week.
  7. Не said that he would write the letter that day.
  8. Не asked me where I lived.
  9. Не asked me when they would send the documents.
  10. Не asked me if (whether) I had received his telegram.
  11. He asked her to give him a glass of water.
  12. She told him to come at 5 o’clock.

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