Conditionals. Упражнения (повторение)

Итак, настало время обобщить все изученное по теме «Conditionals» и проверить на практике, как хорошо вы отличаете реальное и нереальное условие в английском языке. Выполните 13 упражнений по теме. Данные упражнения относятся к уровню средний, так как самое сложное (смешанное) условие осталось пока за кадром.

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Conditionals. Упражнения на все виды условных предложений (повторение)

Упражнение 1.    Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, так, чтобы предло­жения выражали реальное условие.

1. If I (see) John, I’ll tell him your news. 2. He (be) very pleased if it (be) really true. 3. If you (go) to town on Monday, you (meet) my brother Tom. 4. If you (need) help, my father (help) you. 5. We (have) a picnic lunch if the day (be) fine. 6. If you (ask) a policeman, he (tell) you the way. 7. I (finish) the job tomorrow if I (can). 8. I (not/take) an umbrella if (not/rain). 9. If they (catch) the bus now, they (arrive) at half past nine. 10. He (find) the answers if he (look) in the keys. 11. If he (write) to her, she (answer) at once. 12. He (lose) weight if he (stop) eating too much. 13. If she (be) patient, I (try) to explain. 14. If we (leave) at once, we (catch) the ear­ly train. 15. If she (drink) this medicine, she (feel) much better.

Упражнение 2.    Раскройте скобки таким образом, чтобы предложения выра­жали: а) реальное условие; b) нереальное условие.

1. If I (know), I (tell) you. 2. If she (want) to talk, she (ring up). 3. If he (have) enough money, he (buy) a large house. 4. She (feel) lonely if Peter (go) away. 5. We (be) pleased to see you if you (arrive). 6. If we (can) come on Sunday, we (come). 7. I (understand) Mr Smith if he (speak) slowly. 8. We (not/go) by ship unless there (be) no other way.

Упражнение 3.    Выберите наиболее подходящие типы условных предложений и раскройте скобки.

1. If it (rain), I won’t go out. 2. You would learn more if you (study) sometimes. 3. If he (ask) me, I would have told him answer. 4. You would have done well if you (take) my advice. 5. I wouldn’t phone you here unless it (be) urgent. 6. She’ll catch cold, if her feet (get) wet in this weather. 7. Unless you apologize at once, I never (speak) to you again. 8. If we (have) nothing to do, life would be boring.

Упражнение 4.    Составьте предложения, найдя соответствие между левой и правой колонками.

1. If I go on a diet a. we’ll make a snowman.
2. If it’s sunny tomorrow b. I’ll buy you some sweets.
3. If John doesn’t hurry с she’ll have to take a taxi.
4. If it snows d. I’ll lose weight.
5. If there are no buses e. he’ll be late.
6. If you are a good girl f. we’ll go for a picnic.

Упражнение 5.  Закончите предложения.

  1. If I had enough money ….
  2. If it doesn’t rain soon … .
  3. I’ll stay at home if … .
  4. I wouldn’t have come to the theatre on time if …
  5. If I left home for work earlier ….
  6. If I won a prize … .
  7. If I were a king … .
  8. If I told my parents the truth ….
  9. If I were you ….
  10. If I were rich ….

Упражнение 6. Отметьте предложения, в которых допущены ошибки.

I.
a) What would you study when you went to college next year?
b) What will you study if you go to the college next year?

II.
a) What will you be when you grow up?
b) What you be if you grow up?

III.
a) If she hadn’t broken the window, she wouldn’t have had to pay for it.
b) If she hasn’t broken the window, she wouldn’t have had to pay for it.

IV.
a) I wouldn’t do that if I were you.
b) I wouldn’t do that if I was you.

V.
a) My mother will blame me if she knew.
b) My mother will blame me if she knows.

 Упражнение 7.  Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках в нужную форму.

1. If I see him, I (tell) him the news. 2. The table will break if you (stand) on it. 3. If he (eat) all the cakes, he will be ill. 4. If I find уour book, I (let) you know. 5. The police (arrest) him if they catch him. 6. If he (read) late at night, he is sleepy in the morning. 7. If he (need) a pen, he can borrow mine. 8. Your car (be stolen) if you left it unlocked. 9. The teacher will get angry if you (make) many mistakes. 10. She will be furious if she (hear) this. 11. If you boil some water, I (make) tea. 12. If you leave your bag here, it (be lost). 13. You’ll miss the bus if you (not/leave) at once. 14. If you come late, they (not/let) you in.

Упражнение 8.  Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках в нужную форму.

1. If I tell you a secret, you (promise) to keep it? 2. If I had a player typewriter, I (listen) to music. 3. If I (know) her address, I’d write a letter to her. 4. If he worked slowly, he (not/make) so many mis­takes. 5. I could tell you the truth if I (know). 6. He might get fat if he (not/stop) eating much. 7. I (have) a car if I could afford it. 8. What would you do if you (get) stuck between two floors? 9. If he (know) that it was dangerous he wouldn’t come. 10. If I (win) a big money prize, I’d give up my job.

Упражнение 9.  Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках в нужную форму.

  1. If you (arrive) ten minutes earlier, you would have get a seat.
  2. I shouldn’t have believed it if I (not/see) it with my own eye.
  3. If you had told me that beforehand, I (find) some money for you.
  4. If he had asked you, you (answer)?
  5. If I (have) a book, I wouldn’t have been bored.
  6. If you (speak) slowly, he might have understood you.
  7. I (take) a taxi if I had understood that it was too late.
  8. If I (be) ready when he called, he would have taken me with him.
  9. She had a headache, otherwise she (come).
  10. If my mother (know) about the party, she would have baked a cake.
  11. If I (try) again, I think that I would have succeeded.
  12. If I were you, I (not/buy) such expensive things.
  13. If I (live) in the country, I (have) a dog.
  14. What you (do) if someone give you a million pounds?
  15. If I (be) you, I (look) for another job.
But for – если бы не
  1. But for the rain we (reach) the station on time.
  2. But for the weather I (enjoy) my holidays.
  3. But for the mosquitoes I (sleep) well.

Упражнение 10.    Объедините предложения по образцу.

Образец.   I’ll pass this exam. I’ll go to the university. =

If I pass this exam, I’ll go to the university.

  1. He can find cheap flat. He’ll stay here for two more weeks.
  2. They don’t speak English, so his English doesn’t improve.
  3. The baby is a girl. They’ll call her Ann.
  4. He doesn’t work overtime. He doesn’t earn much.
  5. He didn’t help me. I didn’t do my work on time.
  6. I didn’t see the signal, so I didn’t stop.
  7. We didn’t visit the museum because we had no time.
  8. You will come late. You need to a taxi.
  9. The shop is closed. I can’t buy milk for supper.

 Упражнение 11.  Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в правильной форме.

 Text

Laura (live) in a big city. If she (live) in the country, she (have) a dog. Laura (share) a flat with three other girls. But if it (be) possible, she (live) on her own. If she (live) in the country, she (buy) a little cot­tage, and she (grow) her own flowers and vegetables. In town, she (travel) by underground and (go) shopping in big department stores, but she (not/like) this at all. If she (be) in the country, she (ride) her bike, and she (buy) things in the little village shop. She (love) walking and often (go) for a walk in town, but the streets are noisy. In the country, she (walk) across the fields with her dog.

Упражнение 12.  Переведите на английский

  1. Если увидишь Тома, попроси его позвонить мне. 2. Я бы получил эту работу, если бы у меня было образование (had a degree). 3. Если бы у меня была машина, я бы не опоздал на поезд. 4. Если бы он знал, что ты вчера был дома, он бы зашел. 5. Будь я на твоем месте, я бы стал просить ее помочь.

Упражнение 13  Переведите на английский язык. Обозначьте (RC – реальное условие, UC – нереальное условие)

  1. Я куплю хлеб, если магазин все еще будет открыт.
  2. На твоем месте я бы последовал совету родителей. (follow)
  3. Если ты звонишь по телефону после 8 вечера, это дешевле.
  4. Если мы приедем рано, будет не трудно купить билеты на концерт.
  5. Если бы у меня было 5 тысяч евро, я бы отправился на Гаити (Haiti).
  6. Если бы мне не нужно было идти, я бы с удовольствием поболтал с тобой.
  7. Тебе следует заняться чем-то новым, если тебе скучно.
  8. Этот пирог был бы вкуснее, если бы ты добавил больше сахара.
  9. Если бы у меня было больше друзей, я был бы счастливее.
  10. Если мы пойдем куда –нибудь поесть (go out for a meal) , давай пойдем в ресторан.
  11. Растение засыхает,  если ты не поливаешь его.
  12. Если я сплю мало ночью, я засыпаю на уроках. (feel sleepy)

Далее в рамках изучения темы «Conditionals», переходим к конструкции I wish (теория и практика). 

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