Базовые времена в английском языке. Упражнения для начинающих

Упражнения для начинающих на отработку темы «Базовые времена в английском языке. Present Simple, Present Continuous, Past Simple и Future Simple»

Упражнение 1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple, Past Simple или Future Simple.

  1. I (to go) to bed at ten o’clock every day. I (to go) to bed at ten o’clock yesterday. I (to go) to bed at ten o’clock tomorrow.
  2. I (not to go) to school every day. I (not to go) to school yes­terday. I (not to go) to school tomorrow.
  3. You (to watch) TV every day? You (to watch) TV yesterday? You (to watch) TV tomorrow?
  4. When you (to leave) home for work every day? When you (to leave) home for work yesterday? When you (to leave) home for work tomorrow?
  5. My brother (to go) to work every day. He (to leave) home at eight o’clock. As his office (to be) near our house, he (to walk) there. He (not to take) a bus. Yesterday he (not to go) to work. Yesterday he (to get) up at nine o’clock.
  6. You (to have) time yesterday? — No, I … .
  7. What you (to buy) at the shop yester­day? — I (to buy) a book.
  8. Yesterday my father (not to read) newspapers because he (to be) very busy. He (to read) newspapers tomorrow.

Упражнение 2. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Simple, Past Simple или Future Simple.

1. He (to watch) cartoons every morning. He (to watch) cartoons yesterday morning. He (to watch) cartoons tomorrow morn­ing.

2. I always (to go) to the theatre once a month. The price for the tickets (to go) up last month. I (not to go) there next month because now the tickets (to cost) a lot of money.

3. They (to enjoy) the film at the cinema yesterday evening. Who (to take) care of the children when they were at the cinema?

4. How often you (to visit) your relatives?

5. We (not to have) much money but we (to spend) a good time in London.

6. She (to do) all the shopping in the family. 12. Her children (not to know) where the shops are.

7. Two years ago they (to be) rich but now they (to be) poor.

8. You (to be) happy in your new flat?

9. When the soup (to be) ready?

10. I (to like) my parents, so I often (to do) what they (to want).

11. When (to be) your birthday?

12. When you (to buy) this book?

Упражнение 3. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Continuous, Present Simple, Past Simple или Future Simple.

1. Kate (to cook) dinner every day.  Kate (to cook) dinner tomorrow. Kate (to cook) dinner now. Kate (to cook) dinner yesterday.

2. I (not to eat) ice cream every day. I (not to eat) ice cream now. I (not to eat) ice cream tomorrow. I (not to eat) ice cream yesterday.

3. He (to spend) last summer in the country. He (not to spend) last summer in the country. He (to spend) last summer in the country? Where he (to spend) last summer?

4. She (to help) mother yesterday. She (not to help) mother yesterday. She (to help) mother yesterday? How she (to help) mother yesterday?

5. You (to go) to school every day? You (to go) to school now?

6. You (to go) to the south next sum­mer?

7. You (to go) abroad last summer?

8. What your brother (to do) every day? What your brother (to do) now? What your brother (to do) tomorrow? What your brother (to do) yesterday?

9. What you (to get) for your last birthday?

Упражнение 4. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Continuous, Present Simple, Past Simple или Future Simple.

1. Various kinds of sports (to be) popular in Rus­sia.

2. Both children and grown-ups (to be) fond of sports.

3. What (to be) the matter with her? She (to be) so excited. — I (not to know).

4. Where you (to go)? — I (to go) to the stadium to see the match which (to take) place there today.

5. You (to know) that a very interesting match (to take) place last Sunday?

6. He (to go) to the south a week ago.

7. When I (to be) about fifteen years old, I (to enjoy) playing football.

8. Our football team (to win) many games last year.

9. Where Boris (to be)? — He (to play) chess with his friend.

10. I (to be) sorry I (to miss) the match yesterday. But I (to know) the score. It (to be) 4 to 2 in favour of the Russian team. I (to be) absolutely happy.

11. I (to think) Nellie (to leave) for Moscow tomorrow.

12. I (to be) in a hurry. My friends (to wait) for me.

13. You (to be) at the theatre yesterday. You (to like) the opera? — Oh yes, I (to enjoy) it greatly.

14. We (to expect) you (to go) to London next sum­mer.

15. Her English (not to be) excellent, but she (to work) on it.

16. A week ago they (not to know) what to think.

17. She (to worry) a lot at the moment, but the problems (not to be) very great.

18. Last Tuesday he (to be) upset and (to have) no idea where to go.

19. Could you tell me the way to Trafalgar Square? I (to go) the right way?

Упражнение 5. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Continuous, Present Simple, Past Simple или Future Simple.

1. My friend (to go) to the library every Wednes­day. 2. He (not to go) to the country yesterday. 3. Why you (to go) to the shop yesterday? 4. We (to grow) tomatoes next summer. 5. What you (to do) now? 6. He (to sleep) now. 7. Where your father (to work) last year? 8. She (to go) to the south next sum­mer? 9. He (not to watch) TV yesterday. 10. Yester­day we (to write) a paper. 11.1 (to buy) a very good book last Tuesday. 12. Granny (to go) shopping but (not to buy) many things yesterday. 13. What you (to buy) in the supermarket tomorrow? — A lot of things. 14. Don’t make noise! Father (to work). 15. Your brother (to go) to the country with us next Sunday? 16. Granny (not to cook) dinner now. 17. We (to cook) our meals on a fire last summer. 18. My sister (to wash) the dishes every morning. 19. When you (to go) to school? 20. What you (to prepare) for breakfast tomorrow? 21. You (to invite) your cousin to stay with you next summer? 22. How you (to help) your sister last summer? 23. I (to send) a letter to my friend tomorrow. 24. Every morning on the way to school I (to meet) my friends. 25. His grandfather (to listen) to rock’n’roll music. That (to be) strange! He always (to listen) to classical music.

Упражнение 6. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в одном из следующих времен: Present Continuous, Present Simple, Past Simple или Future Simple.

1. Max (not to be) here. He (to wash) his car. He (to wash) it every weekend. 2. He (not to play) the piano tomorrow. 3. We (to see) a very good film last Sun­day. 4. Your mother (to cook) every day? 5. We (to make) a fire last summer. 6. I(to spend) last summer at the seaside. 7. Where you (to spend) last summer? 8. Where he (to spend) next summer? 9. What your mother (to do) now? — She (to cook) dinner. 10. I (not to play) computer games yesterday. 11. Last Sunday we (to go) to the theatre. 12. I (to meet) my friend yesterday. 13. I (to write) a letter to my cousin yes­terday. 14. You (to write) a dictation tomorrow? 15. I (not to write) a report now. 16. Mother (to cook) a holiday dinner yesterday. 17. Tomorrow Nick (not to go) to school.

Запомните глаголы, не употребляющиеся во вре­менах группы Continuous: to be, to know, to understand, to think, to recognize, to want, to like, to see, to hear, to feel, to have. Эти глаголы надо употреблять в Present Simple, даже если действие совершается в момент речи. Полный список глагов, которые не употребляются в Continuous.

Упражнение 7. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. I (not to know) what to give my brother for his birthday.

2. They (to want) to publish this book in July?

3. She (to think) he (to drive) dangerously.

4. Who that man (to be) who (to stand) in the doorway? — You (not to rec­ognize) him?

5. I (to have) no time now, I (to have) dinner.

6. Where Tom and Nick (to be) now? — They (to have) a talk in the garden.

7. You (to want) to see my father? — Yes, I ….

8. Michael (to know) German rather well. He (to want) to know English, too, but he (to have) little time for it now.

9. We (to have) an English lesson now.

10. He (to want) to lend her money.

11. I (to think) she (not to feel) safe there.

12. You (to see) what I (to mean)?

13. You (to hear) what she (to say)?

14. Now he (not to feel) like telling you the truth.

15. They (to come) tonight? — Yes, I (to believe) so.

 

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